14th December. According to the website of the Chinese Government, the General Office of the State Council recently submitted “Opinions on Accelerating the Green Transformation of Express Packaging ” (hereinafter referred to as “Opinions”). The “Opinions” set forth the aim of green conversion of express packaging. By 2025, there will be practically no secondary packaging for e-commerce express mail and the application size of recyclable express packaging will hit 10 million.
The key goals of the ‘Opinions’ are as follows: by 2022, the legislation and regulation framework in the field of express packaging will be further strengthened and, ultimately, an encouragement and restriction structure for express packaging management will be established; the formulation and enforcement of compulsory national requirements for the harmlessness of express packaging materials and the systematic establishment of express packaging materials;
By 2025, the express packaging field will establish a comprehensive legal, standard and policy system that is compatible with the green concept, and form a long-term governance mechanism that runs through the entire chain of express packaging production, use, recycling and disposal; e-commerce express mail will basically be realized no longer Packaging, recyclable express packaging application scale reached 10 million, packaging reduction and green recycling of new models, new business development has made significant progress, express packaging has basically achieved green transformation.
The “Opinions” clarified that the express packaging standards should be upgraded and improved. Efforts will be made to formulate mandatory national standards related to the harmlessness of express packaging materials to increase the binding force of the standards.
Establish and improve standards in key areas such as recyclable express packaging, integrated product and express packaging, qualified packaging procurement management, and green packaging certification. Study and formulate labeling standards for degradable materials and packaging products, further improve the standards for degradable express packaging, and accelerate the implementation of green product certification for express packaging and the labeling system for degradable packaging products. Open up a green channel to improve the efficiency of standard formulation and revision.
The “Opinions” require that the source of express packaging materials be reduced. Strengthen the control of plastic pollution in the express delivery sector, promote the phasing out of non-degradable plastic packaging bags and disposable plastic woven bags in key areas, and reduce the use of non-degradable plastic tapes. Promote the national express delivery business to achieve full coverage of electronic waybills, and greatly increase the application proportion of circulating transit bags (boxes), standardized pallets, and container units. Promote the use of low-weight, high-strength express packaging cartons and glue-free cartons. Encourage the optimization of packaging structure to reduce the use of fillers.
The “Opinions” proposed to improve the standardization level of express packaging products. Uniformly stipulate the size, physical, safety and environmental performance of express envelopes, cartons, packaging bags, etc., and promote the standardization, serialization and modularization of express packaging products, improve the matching degree with the consignment, prevent large boxes and small use, and reduce random package.
E-commerce and express delivery companies are completely prohibited from using inferior packaging bags with heavy metal content, solvent residues, etc., and fillers made of toxic and hazardous materials are prohibited; illegal production and use problems are prominent. Regional people’s governments should treat toxic and harmful inferior express packaging manufacturers , E-commerce and express companies that use illegally to carry out special rectification.
The “Opinions” require reducing the secondary packaging of e-commerce express mail. Strengthen the upstream and downstream collaboration between e-commerce and express delivery companies and commodity production companies, and design and apply e-commerce product packaging that meets the needs of express logistics and distribution. Select a batch of product categories, promote the original direct delivery of e-commerce express, promote the integration of products and express packaging, and reduce the secondary packaging of e-commerce products in the delivery link.
The “Opinions” put forward strict courier operation specifications. Improve the sorting, delivery workflow and packaging operation specifications at the end points of the express industry. Promote express delivery companies to improve their internal rules and regulations, establish an express packaging governance work system and management ledger, incorporate the relevant specifications of express packaging into the induction training of employees, and improve the business skills of couriers.
Support express delivery companies to implement intelligent and intensive operation methods. Incorporate irregular sorting, delivery, and packaging operations into the catalog of random inspections in the express delivery industry, promote the resolution of passive over-packaging, clear channels for public complaints and reports, and standardize the “last mile” of express delivery.
The “Opinions” are clear and improve the management of express delivery. Promote express delivery companies to incorporate requirements such as packaging reduction and greening into receiving service agreements, and strengthen guidance for users of agreements such as e-commerce.
Promote express delivery companies to further standardize the delivery management of bulk receipts and guide users to use qualified packaging products. Encourage e-commerce and express delivery companies to provide consumers with green packaging products in online retail and express delivery, and guide consumers to use them through points incentives.
The “Opinions” proposed to promote recyclable packaging products. In the e-commerce and express delivery business, combined with relevant application scenarios and product types, organize public solicitation and design competitions to select and promote a batch of new technologies and products for express packaging reduction and recycling. Encourage the promotion and application of recyclable and foldable express packaging, recyclable distribution boxes, and reusable refrigerated express boxes in the distribution of fresh food in the same city and the ultra-bulk cargo flow of chain stores, and reduce the use of disposable plastic foam boxes.
The “Opinions” mentioned that a new model of recyclable express packaging should be cultivated. Encourage e-commerce platforms to select certain types of goods and set up special areas for recyclable packaging products; support express companies and third-party agencies to expand the scope of use of recyclable express packaging through credit pledges, overdue deductions, and refunds.
Encourage e-commerce and express companies to cooperate with commercial organizations, convenience stores, property service companies, etc. to set up recycling points for recyclable express packaging agreements, put in recycling facilities for recyclable express packaging, and enrich recycling methods and channels.
Promote uniform coding and standardization of recyclable express packaging, establish a sound management system for upstream and downstream connections and mutual recognition between platforms, and effectively reduce operating costs. Encourage the joint operation of recyclable express packaging delivery and recycling facilities through equity cooperation and third-party operations.
The “Opinions” require strengthening the construction of recyclable express packaging infrastructure. The people’s governments of various cities should combine the construction of smart cities and smart communities, and plan to build a batch of co-distribution terminals and recyclable express packaging and recycling facilities in communities, universities, business centers and other places; in urban renewal and stock housing renovation and upgrading, urban old During the renovation of old communities, support the construction of co-distribution terminals and recyclable express packaging and recycling facilities; break down the policy barriers for related facilities to enter communities and public places, and implement supporting policies such as guaranteeing facility land and reducing or exempting facility site occupancy fees. Select a batch of qualified cities to carry out pilot demonstrations of the large-scale application of recyclable express packaging.
The “Opinions” require that the recycling of express packaging should be strengthened. Encourage the centralized recycling of express packaging cartons at express outlets in campuses, communities and other places, and appropriately increase the reuse ratio. Promote the green design of express packaging materials and products, encourage the use of a single material for the packaging of products of the same category, reduce the use of materials and packaging designs that are difficult to sort and recycle, and improve the recyclability of express packaging. Encourage the development of the “Internet + recycling” new business format, and promote the standardized and clean recycling of recyclables in express packaging waste.
The “Opinions” clarified that it regulates the classified release, removal and disposal of express packaging waste. Promote cities that have implemented domestic waste classification to reasonably set up classified collection facilities in residential communities, commercial and office spaces, standardize residents’ classification and release behavior, and ensure that express packaging waste is promptly cleared and transported. Promote the classified disposal of express packaging waste, increase the proportion of resource-based energy utilization, strengthen the operation and management of waste incineration power generation enterprises, and ensure the stable discharge of pollutants. Reduce the landfill proportion of express packaging waste.