For YouTube, Google creates the Argos custom chip, which supports the AV1 video codec and conversion

No one can easily dethrone Google’s YouTube as a technology titan in the online video industry. On a technological level, the engineering behemoth has designed a significant amount of dedicated infrastructure for it. A brand new YouTube custom chip will be introduced to you in this article. Despite the fact that Argos is not Google’s first video transcoding chip, it is 33 times faster than the original.

Ordinary users are unconcerned about the technical specifics that occur behind the scenes of video upload and on-demand. However, transcoding work and its performance quality make up a significant portion of it.

Video servers like YouTube must prepare corresponding video formats, sizes, and resolutions for various devices in order to accommodate the needs of users as much as possible, and both the server and the user computer must use the same set of codecs.

The addition of support for the AV1 codec is the most notable feature of the Argos VCU (Video Conversion Encoder) described in this article.

It aims to replace the VP9 codec, which was also created by Google, and compete with the newer HEVC codec, as a technology supported by the Open Media Alliance (AOMedia), which is led by Google and others (H.265).

From VP9 to AV1, Google reports that the new video codec’s compression ratio has improved by 30% without sacrificing image quality. AV1 encoding is currently commonly used in Google services.

AV1 has firmly occupied a central role in recent months, and Google has included it in video calling products like Meet / Duo to greatly boost its efficiency. It can effectively reduce traffic overhead while preserving the image quality.

Netflix, Amazon, Mozilla, and even Apple are said to have already added support for AV1. In the future, Google will undoubtedly support AV1 transcoding chip solutions like Argos.